environmental vulnerability ict
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environmental vulnerability ict

environmental vulnerability ict

The Middle Income Trap, Environmental Vulnerability and Sovereign Debt Sustainability The Case of a SIDS (Cape Verde Islands) Intergovernmental Group of Experts on Financing for Development ... • ICT Development index – 4th in Africa (Mauricias, Seychelles, South Africa) environmental risks: the vulnerability and related resilience research on social-ecological systems and the separate literature on vulnerability of livelihoods to poverty. For instance, about four decades ago television broadcasting, landline telephone and postal deliveries were the key mediators in the flow of information, but this flow of information occurred only on one direction. Another platform that exists is called GIS Development. ICTs can support the relevance of the RABIT framework in Tanzania. Full text search our database of 146,100 titles for Environmental Vulnerability to find related research papers. A second example is the PreventionWeb which caters to the information demands of the community seeking disaster risk reduction. (2008). Refer to the ICT Security Policy for details. Generally, the environmental systems are made up of terrestrial and aquatic categories. For instance, initiatives include using geographical information system in Lake Victoria of East Africa, to offer support to the management of natural resources (Scheren et al., 2000). You can view samples of our professional work here. Missing data encryption 5. In light of this, awareness of the nature of environmental challenges in developing countries is a key requirement. Job Description. Apart from this stakeholder engagement, ICTs could also assist in making informed decisions, delivery of policy, learning and feedback as well as capacity building in the institutions (Ospina & Heeks, 2011). OS command injection 6. Physical and environmental security; Server room/data Centre; Data Recovery site; Power system Audit; Your endpoint applications, operating systems, Servers, Interfaces, Network & Other Devices, Policy, procedures, standard practices and other regulatory requirements (both internal and external) Systems, Application and database security WHAT IS ENVIRONMENTAL VULNERABILITY? 37-41. Being a medium for networking and information, it has been demonstrated that ICT has the capability of enabling citizens in the developing countries to adopt the role of environmental enforcement agents and alert the authorities to acts of environmental infringement. Whereas this could be true, in developing countries such as Nigeria little research has been achieved in pinpointing the approaches through which ICT could be harnessed for environmental sustainability. Several manners exist which ICTs can be applied in mitigating against environmental impacts in developing countries, such as through observation and monitoring as previous mentioned, through enabling better efficiency in utilization of resources, via dematerialization for example e-books instead of paper-printed books, through substitution for transport for example video conferencing instead of travel. An emphasis was placed on how such an index and other measures might be used as quantitative indicators of fragility. This has happened in a space of less than ten years, all with the aim of achieving better efficiency. An outstanding attributes of ICT (information and communications technology) is its crosscutting aspect and its speed, with regards to quick adaptation (Pohjola, 2003). environmental degradation will continue to undermine prospects of fighting poverty, economic growth, and sustainable development. Some examples include: land degradation, deforestation, desertification, wildland fires, loss of biodiversity, land, water and air pollution, … ICT plays significant role in environmental studies as it offers an unprecedented capability to collecting and processing environmental data; environmental observation through tools such as remote sensing, telemetric systems among others; mitigating climate change through activities such as developing ‘smart grid’ in China and India; easing environmental pressure through environmental modelling software as well as grid computing; adaptation to climate change through tools such as Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET); technology transfer as a result of the Bali Action Plan; planning and environmental strategy through tools such as the Environmental Impact Assessment, and building resilience through rapidity, equality, diversity and flexibility, scale, self-organization, robustness, learning and redundancy. In the Fox (2004) study assessing environmental degradation in one developing country, Tanzania, the study observed that there are big environmental disasters in that country to affect that big rivers were drying up. A vulnerability index for the natural environment, the basis of all human welfare, has been developed by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and their partners. By utilizing ICTs, such a process entails classifying a host of environmental issues (Houghton, 2009). Nonetheless some challenges have been identified in this approach: the GIS offer low resolution and thus offer only a rough identification concerning the deforested area; the Amazon is big but the rangers have limited capacity as such the data from the system is not used in real time (Hayes & Rajao, 2011). For example, ICT has been applied in monitoring the deforestation of the Amazon forest in Brazil; satellite imagery is used in identifying deforestation and this is then mapped on a geographic information system (GIS). The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) identifies severalkey parties that play major roles in the disaster management process, especially in disasterwarning (UN/ISDR, 2006). Governmental as well as non-governmental organizations in Tanzania report that some of the environmental problems in the country include unsustainable and illegal deforestation as most Tanzanians rely on firewood for energy needs; overgrazing an unsustainable management of range due to large cattle sizes putting pressure on the natural carrying capacity of the land; high levels of water and air pollution; as well as unsustainable and illegal exploitation of wildlife (Mniwasa & Shauri, 2001). Their input into system design and their ability to respond ultimately determine theextent of risk associated with natural hazards. 1 dag sedan . To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! ICTs have played a major role in improving the efficiency in addition to controlling and managing power grids. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Some ICTs tools used include Early Warning Systems which were used in simulating patterns of weather and predicting disasters (World Bank, 2012). International community has asserted this point by encompassing environmental sustainability to be part of MDGs (Millennium Development Goals). SmartGrid initiatives and power market in India. Affirming a capacity of ICTs in enhancing the environmental sustainability in developing countries, ICTs have been contended to be having the capability of playing a significant role in developmental and economic sectors (Kapurubandara & Lawson, 2006). In IEEE PES General Meeting (pp. In future, the technologies that are likely to support these ICT activities in developing countries with respect to environmentally sustainable practices include mobile telephony, internet, social media, digital data, cloud computing and increasing presence of smartphones. Such impact models have been used in developing countries such as South Africa, whereby it was shown that there exists a correlation between a lowered production of dry land staple and heightened historical temperature (Dube & Jury, 2000); in Nigeria whereby an EPIC model was used in giving forecasts on the crop yields in the twenty first century (Adejuwon, 2008); in Egypt whereby the production of crops under the existing climatic conditions was compared with the conditions that were modelled for the year 2050 (Abdel-Gawadh et al., 2004), as well as the Thornton et al. In developing countries, ICT has enabled a number of initiatives. Communities, particularly those most vulnerable, are vital to people-centred early warningsystems. Social Vulnerability Index The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Social Vulnerability Index uses data from the U.S. Census to describe the extent to which communities are prepared to recover from environmental hazards or natural or human-caused disasters. Similarly, radio communication which was popular in Tanzania where landline infrastructure was non-existent has increasingly been replaced by mobile telephony (Balijepalli et al., 2010). From the complex environment, ICT could assist in simplifying and understanding impact of mankind on environment. The challenges in meeting the growing demands have been shown to be driving the investments in these developing countries towards solutions that present more energy efficiency. As a result of this, the following section analyses whether and how ICT can assist in delivering the environmental sustainability goal in developing countries. The International Telecommunications Union, a specialized agency of the United Nations, has made the affirmation that the existing increasing concern about life on planet earth is heavily influenced by the impact of humans on the environment, particularly natural environment (Schwabach, 2006). Data from this GIS has been identified to have been very instrumental in effecting policy changes in Brazil, which have included crafting, implementing and enforcing legislations for controlling deforestation, and gazetting more protected areas. SQL injection 7. Missing authorization 9. Abdel-Gawadh, S.T., Kandil, M. and Sadek, T.M. There exists no consensus on the definition of ‘developing country’ from the United Nations or the World Bank, and this study has adopted the definition of developing country that has been offered by Library of Congress, which is a country whereby: “the majority of population makes far less income, and has significantly weaker social indicatorsand often lacks basic public services-than the population in highly-industrialized countries” (LOC, 2016, p. 1).This paper is based on literature review and it investigates how ICT can be harnessed in implementing environmental sustainability practices in developing countries. The possible role of ICT in environmental sustainability practices starts with the usefulness of ICT in environmental studies. De… The reason for using indices for this purpose is to provide a rapid and standardised method for characterising vulnerability in an overall sense, and identifying issues that may need to be addressed within each of the three pillars of sustainability, namely environmental, economic and social aspects of a country’s development. (2008) to have resulted into reduced carbon emissions as a result of lower use of the coal-powered plants. The Bali Action Plan entailed that developed countries assist the developing countries to pursue mitigation activities appropriate to each nation with regards to sustainable development, and at the same time not compromise the growth of those countries, through a transfer of technology and finance from the developed countries. Telemetric systems among others future damage achieving environmental sustainability practices starts with the aim achieving... State of the developmental success of countries that has been submitted by a university.. 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Ability to respond ultimately determine environmental vulnerability ict of risk associated with natural hazards this Implementing. ) to have resulted into reduced carbon emissions as a significant role to play ICTs could have positive. Range of university lectures vulnerability emphasizes the social characteristics and configurations used communities.

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